Infantry tanks supported infantry units, to integrally support dismounted infantry actions. The term saw limited use with both British and US forces in joint development. In the USSR, 1930s tank doctrine specified three groups of tanks: one 'breakthrough' tank in the infantry support role, one tactical breakthrough tank to clear the combat area, and a 'fast tank' for operational maneuver. Soviet forces added the concept of the flame tank, armed with a flamethrower. These designs were modified with waterproofing and propulsion systems, to be able to traverse open water. Similarly, the US M1 Abrams series, the German Leopard 2, the British Challenger 1, French Leclerc and Russian T-90 tanks are all main battle tanks. The Tier I light tank, Renault NC-31, will be added to every players garage with an additional slot. Medium tanks were smaller and had help to cross trenches so weighed less. The result was the T-34 medium tank, whose superb capabilities shocked the German Wehrmacht when it invaded the Soviet Union. 1936. Infantry Tank. Development of a tank classification system started in World War I, when tanks were separated into light tanks and tankettes, medium tanks, and heavy tanks, based on size and weight. Type: Medium Tank. In reality, it was simply … Light tanks performed the traditional cavalry role of scouting and screening. In the US, light tanks were expected to be used ahead of the main force, medium tanks to accompany the main thrust of attack, and by-their-nature slower heavy tanks being brought up to deal with any more significant opposition. 1941. 450 km, 600 km with external tanks: Maximum speed : 50 kilometres per hour (31 mph ) The Type 59 (Chinese: 59式; pinyin: Wǔ jiǔ shì; industrial designation: WZ-120) main battle tank is a Chinese-produced version of the Soviet T-54A tank, an early model of the ubiquitous T-54/55 series. 108. Step Two: Find the Tank Volume Formula. A lighter British tank introduced into service in 1918, at 14 long tons (14.2 t; 15.7 short tons) and armed with machine guns only was given the designation "Tank, Medium Mark A" and known as the "Whippet". Vickers-Carden-Loyd light amphibious tank, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tank_classification&oldid=986752062, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from April 2011, Articles that may contain original research from September 2009, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 November 2020, at 20:14. The defining feature of the main battle tank type is neither its weight, mobility, nor firepower, but instead the idea that only one type of tracked armoured vehicle is required to carry out the roles of breakthrough, exploitation and infantry support. The net gas cylinder weight is the reference weight. Light Tank / Medium Tank. Furthermore, expected weights for a given tank type vary over time; a medium tank of 1939 could weigh less than a light tank of 1945. They now have other meanings than just weight, including relation to gun size, the amount of armour, and, most importantly, tactical role. Find specifications for the M-4 Sherman Medium Tank tank below. Initially on the very first tanks, two types with two roles were provided: the 'males', armed with two naval 6 pounder (57 mm) guns and machine guns, and 'females', armed with only machine guns that supported the 'males'. The tank occasionally may lose its weapons and the chassis alone may be used, as in bridge-laying tanks. While the M26’s 90mm gun could penetrate the armor of a T-34 with ease, the Pershing’s size and weight made it a difficult machine to operate in Korea’s mountainous terrain. Tank classes based on weight (and the corresponding transport and logistical needs) led to new definitions of heavy and light tank classes, with medium tanks covering the balance of those between. This concept was later implemented in the "fast tanks" pioneered by J. Walter Christie. Hobart and B.H. Temporary names for this tank includes Kaplan MT (Turkey), Harimau Hitam/Black Tiger (Indonesia). The ultimate in mobility, firepower, and protection were rolled into the main battle tank (MBT). The infantry tank was designed to work in concert with infantry in the assault, moving mostly at a walking pace, which required it to carry heavy armour to survive defensive fire. - High weight (62 tons) combined with great speed (60KM/H). The Modern Medium Weight Tank, also known as the MMWT, is a collaborative tank program between Turkish manufacturer FNSS and Indonesian manufacturer PT Pindad. 21. Type 92 Jyu-Sokosha. Infantry Support / Reconnaissance Tankette. Names for this tank includes Kaplan MT (Turkey), Harimau / Tiger (Indonesia). The Turkish armour vehicle manufacturer FNSS Savunma Sistemleri and Indonesian defence vendor PT Pindad have unveiled the collaborative tank program, the Modern … It is designed to offer high lethality in combination with superior tactical mobility. Medium Tank / Cruiser Tank. $5,800. It can even keep up with medium tank wolf packs, providing heavy fire support. 31 kg. The hull frontal glacis was 108 mm (4.25 in) thick. "The Soviets saw tank generations in this manner: 1920–1945, first generation; 1946–1960, second generation; 1961–1980, third generation; and 1981–present, fourth generation. The Modern Medium Weight Tank, also known as the MMWT, is a collaborative tank program between Turkish manufacturer FNSS and Indonesian manufacturer PT Pindad. The light tank was to be transportable by truck, and not exceed 5 tons gross weight. Get contact details and address| ID: 9258341288 The classification by role was used primarily during the developmental stage of the national armoured forces, and referred to the doctrinal and force structure utility of the tanks based on design emphasis. Initially based on naval ideas, in late 1916 Captain Giffard Le Quesne Martel (later Major General Sir) proposed a tank army formed of Destroyer tanks, Battle tanks (of Heavy, Medium and Light types), Torpedo tanks (utilising large trench mortars), Engineer tanks, Supply tanks and Ambulance tanks[2]. Many types are also described by their tactical role, which depends on contemporary military doctrine. Breaking News !!!! Some heavy tanks had large-calibre, low-velocity, anti-infantry bunker-busters, and some had high-velocity anti-tank guns. The gun can fire both Armour Piercing and High Explosive ammunitions. 1,480. During and after World War II, the roles of light tanks were gradually taken over by less-expensive armoured cars and specialised reconnaissance vehicles. Watch Queue Queue 33. 105. As tank doctrine developed, the role of tanks started to be defined. Post-war in 1948 France, Canada, and the United States agreed to classify tanks as light gun, medium gun, or heavy gun. World of Tanks - M46 Patton Tier 9 Medium Tank - Punching Above Your Weight The Mighty Jingles. The FNSS Modern Medium Weight Tank (MMWT) or Kaplan MT is motorized with a Diesel engine coupled with a fully automatic electronically controlled transmission, which results in a minimum of 20hp/ton ratio, depending on the configurable protection system. “This medium weight tank is a very effective solution to today’s asymmetric warfare conditions exposed which many armies are exposed to,” he said, adding that the “conditions require easy and fast deployment, high mobility, low visibility, high firepower, and yet low cost”. Other features - Somewhat low amount of hit points (2200; 200 less than IS7), compensated by mobility, armor, and damage per … Type 85 (YW531H) Light Amphibious Tank. The Modern Medium Weight Tank mock-up displayed in 2015. 1,000L (220G) 1,540. … 1932. Modern Medium Weight Tank (MMWT) 19. However, in the 1960s and 1970s, a generation of purpose-designed main battle tanks appeared, starting with the British Chieftain tank. - The Largest Medium tank in the game, even larger than some heavy tanks with very poor camouflage rating. They were used by the United Kingdom during World War II. 20. 24. Light tanks, such as the PT-76, continue to play an important role in tank warfare, however many are being replaced with IFVs and armoured cars. Nombre important de bulles par minute. The idea originated in "Plan 1919", a British plan to break the trench deadlock of World War I in part via the use of high-speed tanks. The role of medium tanks started with a prioritisation of speed. Post-war the light, medium, and heavy designations remained prevalent until the multi-role concept evolved into the Main Battle Tank, rendering the earlier medium and heavy designations obsolete. Tank Française watch. MMWT ; Harimau in celebration of the 72nd Anniversary of Indonesian National Armed Forces. New Chinese Tech Tree added (17 vehicles in all: light, medium and heavy tanks). [5] The MBT would form the backbone of modern ground forces. or more when filled with water and decorations. Amphibious Tank / Light Tank. Infantry Tank. [5] with heavy gun tanks (120 mm or 4.724 in), medium gun tanks (90 mm or 3.543 in), and light gun tanks (76 mm or 2.992 in), although these gun terms were often still shortened to simply heavy, medium, and light tanks. The Type 59 (Chinese: 59式; pinyin: Wǔ jiǔ shì; industrial designation: WZ-120) main battle tank is a Chinese-produced version of the Soviet T-54A tank, an early model of the ubiquitous T-54/55 series. - Poor … Unmodified tanks can be fitted with equipment, such as mine-clearing ploughs, to give them ancillary roles. This tank is roomy and has a ton of super positive reviews. Some light tanks require no modifications for river crossings. The lessons of Blitzkrieg, first employed by the Germans and eventually adopted by other nations, found their best expression in formations of mutually-supporting medium tanks and motorised infantry. The Type 5 medium tank Chi-Ri (五式中戦車, Go-shiki chusensha Chi-ri) was the ultimate medium tank developed by the Imperial Japanese Army in World War II. With advances in technology, aspects such as mobility, armour and weaponry pushed the medium tank to form the core of a country's armoured fighting capability, eventually merging into the Main Battle Tank. As World War II progressed, the separation of "infantry" and "cruiser" roles generally disappeared and the "universal tank" started to take over. No one classification system works across all periods or all nations; in particular, weight-based classification was inconsistent between countries and eras. Medium tanks aim to be suitable to the widest variety of roles, with less reliance on other types of tank during normal operations, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Vickers-Carden-Loyd light amphibious tank, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Medium_tank&oldid=993123070, Articles needing expert attention with no reason or talk parameter, Articles needing unspecified expert attention, Articles needing expert attention from February 2011, Articles lacking sources from February 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 22:29. These vehicles are less obviously influenced by wartime templates (the Chieftain, for example), weighing as much as a World War II heavy tank and possessing far greater firepower and armour, while retaining the mobility of the previous Centurion design. There were many names given to different tank types, and similar names did not assure similar design goals. Heavy tanks, having shown their limitations in combat, experienced a limited post-war arms race of progressively more heavily armed and armoured designs. Centurion entered service just as the war came to an end. The infantry and cruiser tank roles were combined in British use late in the war to form the Universal tank concept. Other nations continued to use the light, medium and heavy designations. Tank doctrine in the UK declared that one group of tanks would accompany infantry in a similar role to World War I, while another group of 'cruiser' tanks would then exploit a breakthrough, in a role similar to light cavalry. While originally based on weight, the light, medium, and heavy classifications expanded based on tactical use. There was no analog to the cruiser tank in pre-war US doctrine. The medium tank was not to exceed 15 tons, so as to bring it within the weight capacity of railroad flatcars. They were mounted externally (Flammpanzer II), replaced existing machine gun mounts, or replaced the tank's main armament (Flammpanzer III). Tanks are often referred to by weight-based classifications such as 'light', 'medium' or 'heavy', and by extension the role that this size of tank was suitable for. KV-13 (Klimenti Voroshilov) Super-Medium / Universal Tank Prototype. 1,480. A cruiser tank, or cavalry tank, was designed to move fast and exploit penetrations of the enemy front. “This medium weight tank is a very effective solution to today’s asymmetric warfare conditions exposed which many armies are exposed to,” he said, adding that the “conditions require easy and fast deployment, high mobility, low visibility, high firepower, and yet low cost”. All main battle tanks are typically armed with weapons with similar characteristics but some may be armoured more than others. The CV90120-T uses modified CV90 (or Combat Vehicle 90) infantry fighting vehicle chassis. Other countries started to move to a more role-based approach, for example cruiser tank, breakthrough tank, fast tank. ASCOD MMBT Medium Main Battle Tank The General Dynamics European Land Systems (GDELS) ASCOD Medium Main Battle Tank (MMBT) is based on a modified chassis of the ASCOD multi-purpose vehicle platform. Development of British doctrine added howitzer-armed close support tanks, similar to the older torpedo tank role. This was an easy choice, as this tank is the most competitive light tank for tier 10. A flame tank is a tank equipped with a flamethrower, most commonly used to supplement combined arms attacks against fortifications, confined spaces, or other obstacles. 21. Crews simply raise the easily accessible cloth sides around the hull, cover the hatches, turn on the bilge pump and shift the transmission to … In World War 2, Light, Medium and Heavy tank application to different roles was incorporated into doctrine. 106. This idea caught on with other nations. Infantry Tank Valiant (A38) Infantry / Assault Tank. Watch Queue Queue. The first generation of post World War II Main Battle Tanks includes the U.S. M48/M60, the German Leopard 1 and the British Centurion and Chieftain. Light tanks were much smaller and lightweight, allowing transport on lorries (trucks).[1]. 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