[EU Speech] 0000008954 00000 n 0000119265 00000 n 0000017574 00000 n In 1950, the nations of Europe were still struggling to overcome the devastation wrought by World War II, which had ended 5 years earlier. Steel Community, which was launched with the Schuman Declaration on 9 May 1950, and also the later treaty for the European Economic Community in March 1957. In several respects the successes of Europe may have exceeded the boldest expectations of its visionary founders. Recently opened Schuman Archives and other sources of information. Objective: Peace in Europe To find a way to secure peace in Europe in the post -war era was a difficult task. It was thought – correctly – that merging of economic interests would help raise standards of living and be th… As duas correntes de opinião que existiam, (e existem ainda nos nossos dias), tinham tido um dos seus mais importantes, e condicionadores, embates públicos sobre o modo de se “construir” um sistema europeu que But the documents also represent a subt/e shift in emphasis away from peace to economic prosperity as the driving mo-tive for unity. ������P7D We hope they will be. As a result of his personal experience at the junction of Germany, France and Luxembourg, Schuman was not a naive pacifist and in 1949. Weiler, “In the Face of Crisis— 60th anniversary of the Schuman declaration 1950-2010 Luxembourg : Publications Office, 2010 Online Access - OPEN ACCESS . Los gobiernos europeos, decididos a evitar otra terrible contienda, llegaron a la conclusión de que, poniendo en común la producción de carbón y acero, la guerra entre Francia y Alemania, rivales históricos, resultaría —en los términos de la declaración— "no sólo impensable, sino materialmente imposible". This would create, in Schuman’s words, a “de facto solidarity” that would ultimately make war between France and Germany “materially impossible.” The practical approach of Schuman and Monnet won favor on the European continent; France, Germany, Italy, and the Benelux countries eventually responded by creating the European Coal and Steel Community in 1952. Their project was deliverable. Se pensó, acertadamente, que la fusión de los intereses ec… The Declaration's first two sentences made this absolutely clear. As duas correntes de opinião que existiam, (e existem ainda nos nossos dias), tinham tido um dos seus mais importantes, e condicionadores, embates públicos sobre o modo de se “construir” um sistema europeu que The declaration of 9 May 1950, which is the 70th anniversary this year, is considered to be the founding text of European integration. Uma visão Integracionista / Federalista. FULL TEXT "It is no longer a question of vain words but of a bold act, a constructive act. ��:���gFa"e The Schuman Declaration changed Europe profoundly, and has guaranteed peace and security among the member states of the European Union for more than sixty years. Extrait de la Déclaration Schuman du 9 mai 1950. endstream endobj startxref Le 9 mai 1950 , c’est avant toute autre chose une volonté de paix qui motive l’initiative politique de Robert Schuman. La force de sa vision, qui puise l’inspiration dans le dialogue avec Jean Monnet, est d’avoir tracé la voie de l’Europe unie - un processus ouvert et sans cesse renouvelé. We celebrate the EU’s birthday on 9 May. Save as PDF Today is #EuropeDay ! 1. %%EOF The Schuman Declaration 60 years on By Richard Laming, secretary of the European Movement “World peace cannot be safeguarded without the making of creative efforts proportionate to the dangers which threaten it.” Those are the opening words of the Schuman Declaration, Schuman (1886-1963), ministre français des Affaires étrangères de 1948 à 1952, est entré dans l’histoire par la déclaration du 9 mai 1950, fondatrice de l’Union européenne. h�b```f``:���� ��A�DX��,�9��"�-���x^_f�p���9����2�`�b��b��` `s�;+��B��9sy+6����Z^�@60 A more extensive treatment is offered in J.H.H. The Schuman Declaration was based on more than Schuman’s courage. This eponymous declaration is considered the founding act of Europe . Schuman, Robert. It proposed the creation of a European Coal and Steel Community, … Schuman Declaration. The 9th of May Declaration and the Schuman Plan, 3. Upload your declaration. Both are at the heart of the birth of two important political and social projects : the United You can also send your Schuman 2.0 Declaration in PDF file by mail. As the Schuman Declaration stated, “the coming together of the nations of Europe requires the elimination of the age-old opposition of France and Germany”2. The short period of time between the end of the Second World War and the Schuman Declaration further demonstrates how exceptional the intuition of the Founding Fathers of the European project was. �2ŁThEG��`4�@����FqP�a�~��n~ -��� � � ������ Z�x�!� k�(��K��&��.���c~Ę�!�e����"F&�w� �"� ��Ka�� Schuman Declaration. C�6��s�xTP@in�. 678. The Schuman Declaration is a governmental proposal by then-French Foreign Minister Robert Schuman to place the coal and steel industries of France and West Germany under a common High Authority.The realisation of this proposal led to the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), the forerunner of what is now the European Union (EU). And their mission was federal. France has acted, and Major dates in Robert Schuman’s life 5 29 June 1886 Birth of Robert Schuman in Luxembourg 1912 Enrolment with the Bar of Alsace-Lorraine Lawyer in Metz 1919 Elected MP of Moselle (1919-1942, 1945-1962) 1946-1947 Minister of Finance 1947-1948 President of the Council 1948-1953 Minister for Foreign affairs 9 May 1950 Declaration laying the foundations of Europe Schuman, Robert. As a result of his personal experience at the junction of Germany, France and Luxembourg, Schuman was not a naive pacifist and in 1949. 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