Article by maddog62. The tank was used in all theaters of war. var searchterm = $('.searchbox').val(); These were mostly exported. M5 Stuart on streets of Coburg, Germany April 1945. Three time more M5A1s were built compared to the M5. – TE Moderator. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. Sign in to follow this . Despite criticism about its lack of firepower, the 37 mm (1.46 in) was kept. A .30 cal (7.62 mm) machine-gun was placed on the right side of the glacis and was operated by the assistant driver, who sat on the right. More so, when the M5 entered service, American drivers were unexpectedly happy to drive a “Cadillac” in wartime. Early Stuart M5 of the 81st Reconnaissance Batallion, 1st Armoured Division, Maontaione, Italy, July 1944. LookinG FRONT ON to the M5A1, he is at the top (turret) on the right hand side in a photo we have (not the machine-gun side). Stuart, the tank was designed for speedy scouting and as an infantry support weapon. The T65 was modified for anti-aircraft defense, equipped with a twin 40 mm (1.57 in) Bofors mounted on an M5A1 chassis. After successful trials in October 1943, production began in early 1944, and, when it stopped in August 1945, 4731 M24s had been built. It is a light tank best used in the reconnaissance role. The vehicle required a lower temperature starter, was quieter and more compact, freeing space inside because of the lower drive shaft. Following operation “Torch” in November 1942, the first M5 arrived in North Africa. M5A1 early production, 4th Marine Tank Batallion of the US Marine Corps on Roi-Namur, Kwajalein Atoll, February 1944. John. Redesigned hull similar to M3A3, but with vertical sides and raised engine deck. The M5 was originally known as light tank M4, but was redesignated to M5 to avoid confusion with the medium tank M4. Comparing: M5 Stuart vs. M5A1 Stuart A further modification of the M3 Stuart, the M5 entered production in April 1942. TE Moderator. — Preceding unsigned comment added by 95.149.173.13 11:08, 28 February 2017 (UTC) M3 Stuart's combat record or Lend Lease. By the time of the outbreak of the World War II, they were approaching obsolescence, as tank forces in Europe were shifting from light to medium tanks as the main element of their armored forces. As a result, in Europe, Stuarts were often limited to secondary roles. The gunner needed to stand behind, exposed to enemy fire. }); window.location.href = '/Search-Results.aspx?searchtext=' + searchterm + '&searchmode=anyword'; Until then, all the M5 produced were intensively used for training in relevant locations, like the Indio desert training camp in California. I’ve found all the info out there regarding crew positions ambiguous as some describe the tank from the front and some describe the tank from behind, so I’m not sure what he was still from the photos we have. This was not the case in the Pacific, where they were still a match for the smaller Japanese tanks. The M5 Stuart was the Army’s standard light tank at the beginning of World War II. It also benefited from both simplified maintenance and training. A further modification of the M3 Stuart, the M5 entered production in April 1942. The Ordinance Bureau quickly planned a new model from scratch, only retaining the M5 powertrain, with the objective of weighing under 20 tons in battle order. In June, OCM 16837 authorized the installation of two Cadillac engines mated on a single crankshaft and hydramatic transmission and auxiliary transmission M3 (transfer case). The M3A1 turret was adopted for the M5, the “short” model characterized by the roof machine gun placed at the rear. It should be a 48-star flag. Trials failed and two other 18 inches tracks (T75) with double pins or simply widened links were tried at Aberdeen, without much success. The M3/M5 Stuart Light Tank . The turret, main hull, tracks, suspension system, almost everything including equipment, were derived from the M3A3, so the production lines needed only a few changes. Jan43 M5A1 Stuart of the organic recce unit of the 501st Tank Destroyer Batallion, Volturno river, October 1943. The M5 was lightly armored, quick and maneuverable, with a top speed of 36 miles per hour. The M3E2 prototype was therefore tested with this arrangement on a 2000 miles (3200 km) crash course at the GM proving grounds. Aside from the 1131 British Stuart Mark VIs, only five reached the Soviet Union (fate unknown). Both the M3 and M5 carried a 37mm cannon, which was, by most accounts, underpowered for combat with German tanks. 3. The bmp range starts at 17080. The most obvious difference between the M3A3 and the M5 was the shape of the rear hull, much roomier. By June 1944 a total of 8,884 vehicles in two variants had been produced. However, American Cars & Foundry remanufactured early M5A1s to incorporate the late version features, like the rear stowage basket, between November 1944 and June 1945. It seems to share all the same bmps with the (US)M5A1 except the turret. "The Haunted Tank" was a DC Comics feature that appeared in GI Combat starring an M3 Stuart scout tank commanded by Lieutenant Jeb Stuart, a direct descendant and namesake of the Civil War cavalry general J.E.B. I need more full information how to drive it. On the late series, the “rails” were continuous, allowing to strap a full side wall length of spare track links. Thanks to the new powerplant and lower drive shaft, the turret traverse systems could be mounted under the turret floor, freeing space in the process. By the time of the outbreak of the World War II, they were approaching obsolescence, as tank forces in Europe were shifting from light to medium tanks as the main element of their armored forces. Thanks to the determination and enthusiasm of Cavalry Captain Paulo Mendes, three rusty, obsolete M5A1 tanks were the protagonists of a unique adventure on the African soil, the only ones to have fought in the history of the Portuguese Army. Your email address will not be published. Both the M3 and M5 carried a 37mm cannon, which was, by most accounts, underpowered for combat with German tanks. A further modification of the M3 Stuart, the M5 entered production in April 1942. The extra bustle provided room for the more powerful SCR 508 radio and antenna mounted at the extreme rear. M5A1 Pacific, Saipan, Mariana Islands offensive, June 1944. Named Gina, the Milocas and Licas, the 3 tanks embarked for Angola in 1967, and soldiered there until 1972, distinguishing themselves in many escort and reconnaissance missions, and being dubbed by the guerrillas of the FNLA “dumdum Elephants”. The British too were quite happy with the new light tanks (also dubbed “Honey”), as they were even easier to drive and quieter. M5A1 Stuart “Dingbat” of the 6th Armoured Division, 15th Tank Batallion, D Company, Western Germany, February 1945. It was tested but never produced. Last but not least, the automobile-grade, lower octane gasoline made the M5 much safer in operations when hit. Great stuff. They joined the invasion force during Operation Husky (Sicily) and Italy thereafter. The Milocas operated in Grafanil, the Gina in Luanda and the Licas in Zala. In all, 13,859 M3 were built and fought in almost all theaters of war. On the M24 Chaffee, only a cal.50 (12.7 mm) was retained. American Crew American War American Soldiers American History Tank Stand Ww2 Tanks World Of … The infantry had the M2A2 and the M2A3 Light tanks, whilst the U.S. Cavalry had the M1 and M2 Combat … Its high-velocity performances made it able to pierce the armor of similar light tanks. In the meantime, the American Cars & Foundry was brought into the program in October 1943, producing 1000 more. Many were modified for special duties, like the “Zippo” flame-thrower variant, among others. It's armed with a 37 mm M6 main gun, .30 cal coaxial Browning M1919 and a .30 cal hull M1919A4. It was tested but abandoned after trials. M3 Stuarts (M3, M3A1, M3A3) were all powered by radial engines. e.preventDefault(); The tank was used in all theaters of 1,778 units produced. All the best. Notice the simplified “jungle” pattern camouflage. History of the Artifact. Stuart: A History of the American Light Tank, vol.I, by R. Hunnicut, M5 Stuart, Tunisia, February 1943. An upgraded variant of Light Tank M2 created by the U.S. Army Ordnance Department, the Stuart boasted thicker armor, improved suspension, a new gun recoil system accomodating the 37mm M5 gun (M6 in later variants), and no less than five Browning M1919A4 .30-06 machine guns. //if we're in edit mode with this troublesome guy. } By June 1944 a total of 8,884 vehicles in two variants had been produced. if ($('.pre-header > .pre-nav > .prev-nav-links .CMSEditableRegionEdit').length != 0) { This little video will show you how to Score Multi-Kills in Modern Combat 5.Music :IZECOLD - Close (feat. The article is about the M3 Stuart light tank, and it's history, which includes it's combat record. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. I didn’t see any info on the M-5 in Paraguay service when General Stroessner was the president back in the late 1970’s. It also carried up to five Browning … A heavily modified M5A1 Stuart was featured in the movie Tank Girlas the eponymous heroine's tank. In the end, to avoid confusion with the M4 Sherman, the name was changed to “M5” in February, when the production was approved and started at the Cadillac division of the GMC plant in Detroit, on 30 April 1942. This was the second production version of the M5, which can be distinguished by the extended M3A3 turret model. Long before the American forces, the British ceased to use them otherwise than in flanking units. The M5's turret was the same as that on the light tank M3A1. The M3 and M5 family of light tanks were the culmination of American tank development of the 1930s. Like its predecessor the M2A4, the Stuart was armed with a 37mm M5 main gun. It's operated with a crew of four: driver, gunner, hull machinegunner and commander. Thanks! Happy 20th Birthday to Combat Mission Beyond Overlord. $('.pre-header > .pre-nav > .header-text .CMSEditableRegionEdit').on("mouseenter", function (e) { $('.searchbox').on('keydown', function (e) { This is really good information, thank you. The tank was used in all theaters of war. But all these doubts were lifted when intensive trials (including a 3370 miles/5400 km run without incident) done by the Armored Forces Board reported that this tank attained an unprecedented level or reliability and was superior in performance and efficiency to any previous US tank type in service. The Stuart is armed with 30 AP shells, 33 APC shells and 70 High Explosive shells. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. } As a scout tank, it was mostly confronted with infantry, and the three Browning machine-guns were also an argument. However, the Armored Force Board wanted to use the M24 light tank chassis instead for the intended role, and only a limited numbers of T8s were accepted as “limited standard” service vehicle, used in Europe in 1944-45. This answered, at last, to the oldest critic about the previous series, the weakness of their main armament. Many surplus tanks found a long postwar career under other flags. Portuguese M5A1 in Angola, 1967. The M5 Stuart is an American and British Light Tank in Post Scriptum. This tank proudly shows the emblem of the 66th Armoured Regiment, the oldest armoured unit in the history of the United States, founded by then Col. Patton of the US cavalry, which later commanded the 304th Tank Brigade during the late part of the campaign in Normandy and France. Production only started in November (1196 tanks), December for the Southgate plant (Calif.), and Massey Harris (3530). Modifications at the Cadillac Plant included 3 1/2 inches spacers welded to each side of the hull, on which the standard suspensions brackets were installed. No less than 33 countries had M3/M5 Stuarts in their arsenals (mostly in South America), some until the beginning of the nineties. The general design was later adapted for the M24 chassis and became the well-produced M19 GMC. By June 1944 a total of 8,884 vehicles in two variants had been produced. In addition, both vehicles could carry ten antitank mines on the outside of the right sponson. M2 / M3 / M5 Stuart Light Tank. Both were tested at Fort Knox, the T8E1 being judged superior and retained for production. According to this field manual (page 15 of the PDF), your father would have been the gunner of that M5 Stuart. Other points were the massive stowage basket at the rear, roof spotlight, improved cal.30 (7.62 mm) mount and shield around the mount. Explore nick.shuttleworth's photos on Flickr. The T85 had a 20 mm (0.79 in) Oerlikon in a quad mount. $('.pre-header > .pre-nav > .header-text .CMSEditableRegionEdit').height(25); There were a crowbar, handbar, shovel, hammer, pickaxe, axe, pincer, and two double links that were fitted on the two corners of the back plate. Instructions for Upgrading CMFI to Engine 4. M5A1 with one of Culin’s improvized “hedgerow cutter” in France, Operation Cobra, Normandy, summer 1944. Based on M5 chassis. The arrangement looked complicated and perhaps not sturdy enough to be suited for intensive use in combat conditions. The M3 and M5 family of light tanks were the culmination of American tank development of the 1930s. $('.pre-header > .pre-nav > .prev-nav-links .CMSEditableRegionEdit').height(200); Looks great in & out and is very complete and original. The M5 was reclassified as limited standard when the M5A1 became available, and the latter was reclassified substitute standard when the M24 Chaffee became available, but served until the end of the war. Hello Jana, The T29 was a paper project, whereas the T81 was a chemical mortar carrier, carrying a 107 mm (4.22 in) heavy mortar. $(function () { However, the armor is slanted better, and doesn't make too much of a difference. In practice, the latter was dropped most of the time, and many M5A1s were seen lacking the rear mudguard, more rarely the front one, or often the whole kit was dismounted as it clogged and could be torn out. We are starting a new batch of the Inside the Tanks series with a very special episode! At first, the M5 Stuart appears to be a minor downgrade from the M3 Stuart, with slightly less armor, but more hit points. Named after Civil War Confederate General J.E.B. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The M5 and M5A1 had vertical sides. These vehicles were intended for the Pacific campaign. The T8 had its machine gun fitted on the right-rear of the fighting compartment, whereas the T8E1 saw its cal.50 nearer the turret ring. I’d be really grateful for this information, On 17 February 1944, the Ordnance department ordered two M5A1s to be modified to test an open fighting compartment version. However, this mount received some shielding on later production version. The tank was used in all theaters of war. Introduction Combat North Africa Far East Europe Italy Eastern Front Other Users Australian Use Variants. The M3. The initial production run of the M3 was of 5811 vehicles, most of them being used by the British and redesignated Stuart Mk.I and Mk.II. if ($('.pre-header > .pre-nav > .header-text .CMSEditableRegionEdit').length != 0) { On 21 December 1943, the Army Ground Forces requested an armored recce tracked vehicle. Also, particular to the M5A1 was the escape hatch added under the assistant driver’s seat. Starts up and runs great and is fully mobile. I have it in World of Tanks, and I want some more background information on the vehicle. 75mm Howitzer Motor Carriage M8. Cadillac had been, indeed, rarely involved with wartime production until then. M5A1 with partial skirts and extra rear basket, 1944. M5A1 Annie B., Normandy, summer 1944. The whole experiment was canceled in 1944. make him small unless he has mouse focus In all, 2075 M5s were produced (including the British versions) and the first M5s to see combat action were part of the November assault in North Africa (operation Torch). The French M5A1s participated in the Indo-Chinese campaign until 1954, and the Portuguese ones (only three) served in Angola in 1967. The Brits also called … The other problem was related to this second type of tank (the M3A3 was still produced alongside), which complicated maintenance and driver training. By the time we got to Europe virtually no one else was still using it. The Light Tank M3 and M5, known as the General Stuart, was the first tank used by American forces in armored combat during WWII. Stuart. M5 Stuart is an American light tank. The only other large-scale variant was the command version, without a turret, but a small superstructure instead, equipped with a single cal.50 (12.7 mm) machine-gun and powerful radio equipment. They were very successful light tanks, fast and well-armed, largely exported and involved in many postwar conflicts. The run ended in December the same year (1470 built), when an improved model succeeded it, the M5A1. 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And steel RHA was used, along with welding, throughout construction and M5A1 in British service American... Tank Destroyer Batallion, mount Porchia Italy, July 1944 lack of firepower, drawing. Experience while you navigate through the website opt-out if you wish was overall preserved three time M5A1s! British ceased to use them otherwise than in flanking units is a tank unit in Panzer..... Great and is fully mobile limited to secondary roles of Cadillac engines ) Oerlikon in a mount... The m29 GMC, Hello there, this mount received some shielding on later production version of the entered! An up-gunned replacement for the website service, as they were still a match for next! Us Army had 4 very similar AFVs in service during the fifties and sixties, incorporated a few specs the..., June 1944 IZECOLD - Close ( feat s improvized “ hedgerow ”... Tanks remained on the T82 light tank at the rear part reshaped and steel RHA used! Year they were completely revised, refurbished and re-engineered, tested and for. Variants had been produced, 4th Marine tank Batallion of the 757st Batallion. Grant/Lee, and the Portuguese ones ( only three ) served in Angola in 1967 Synek ) with. Originally known as light tank best used in action as being totally inefficient against the fast-flying aircraft 1942-43... Stored in your gallery is actually an M3A3 and Sherman tanks were first... World of tanks, and the Portuguese ones ( only three ) served in Angola in 1967 M5! Fast and well-armed, largely exported and involved in many postwar conflicts long. Under an armored cover this answered, at the extreme rear, 1944 M3A3 this! Ones here modification of the right sponson miswrote the M19 GMC as the m29 GMC Hello... To M5 to avoid confusion with the small tank ’ s standard light tank.... 5.Music: IZECOLD - Close ( feat is a light tank M5 was the of. Essential for the light tank M5 was originally conceived as an infantry support roles: 1944 WWII M5A1 Stuart tank! Combat Mission Fortress Italy ; M5 Stuart Recce armored transports and command Kangaroos... Was relocated on the flat and sloped rear section of the Stuart was armed with a twin 40 (. Https: //youtu.be/eWis_IbMHf4 more about the Angolan ones here in combat conditions Army! Security features of the light tank Close ( feat as German tanks & Foundry was brought into the in. July 1944 so do you guys have any more info on the M5A1 in Luanda and the opening welded.., early 1945 both projects combined to give the M3E2 prototype was therefore with! Pierce the armor of similar light tanks of the 757st tank Batallion, 1st Armoured Division,,... Else was still using it happy to drive a “ Cadillac ” in 1942... The depiction of the 757st tank m5 stuart in combat, D Company, Western Germany, early 1945 twin engines! Indio desert training camp in California the program in October 1943, the British flag lower octane made... Hull, much roomier, allowing to strap a full side wall length of track... M5A1 was the same bmps with the small tank ’ s improvized “ hedgerow cutter ” in November 1942 the. And a.30 cal hull M1919A4 and entered production in April 1942 Chaffee will receive an sometime... Use in combat conditions the shape of the rear hull, much roomier on a miles... Scott, HMC standing for Howitzer Motor Carriage turret cal.30 mount shield, which was customary on most M5A1s! ( feat operated in Grafanil, the Army Ground forces requested an cover... Confronted with infantry, and i want some more Background information on the of. Torch ” in wartime the 757st tank Batallion, m5 stuart in combat river, 1943. Turret rails were welded for strapping spare track links, in Europe, Stuarts were often to!